Cilioretinal Artery Hypoperfusion in Association with ...

When PAMM is discovered in an apparently healthy individual and retinal examination and multimodal imaging fail to uncover any evidence of retinal vascular disease or obstruction, a systemic work-up, similar to that which is performed for the identification of a CWS, may be necessary to rule out conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and sickle cell. The importance of carotid and cardiac ... PAMM may also be seen in cases of retinal vasculature occlusion with emboli along retinal arterial branches [4]. Testing and Imaging Work-up. SD-OCT is the most helpful imaging modality and demonstrates characteristic hyper-reflective thickened bands in the middle retina, which are diagnostic for the condition [5]. Fluorescein angiography (FA) may be unremarkable without delayed filling or ... Novel retinal vascular associations leading to retinal vasculopathy and paracentral acute middle maculopathy include eye compression injury causing global ocular ischemia, sickle cell crisis, Purtscher’s retinopathy, inflammatory occlusive retinal vasculitis, post-H1N1 vaccine, hypertensive retinopathy, migraine disorder, and post–upper respiratory infection. Conclusion . Paracentral acute ... Retinal migraine is usually characterized by attacks of fully reversible monocular visual loss associated with migraine headache. Herein we summarize the clinical features and prognosis of 46 ... PAMM is a finding on SD-OCT characterized by hyper-reflective band-like lesions at the inner nuclear layer in patients with an acute negative scotoma. The retinal capillary network is composed of the superficial capillary plexus, located at the ganglion cell layer and the intermediate and deep capillary plexuses at the level of the inner nuclear layer. Figure 2. Fundus photography at ... retinal vascular diseases like diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, retinal artery occlusion and with the consumption of vasoconstrictors like caffeine and epinephrine [1,2]. In this report we present a case of cilioretinal artery hypoperfusion and PAMM in the border of the affected ischemic retinal area and will review the literature that showed the vulnerability of deep capillary ... PAMM has been attributed to ischaemia of the deep vascular complex.8 Rahimy et al 24 noted the presence of PAMM in 5.2% of cases of CRVO and Yu et al 25 identified PAMM in 22% of cases with branch retinal or central retinal artery occlusion. However, in our series, PAMM was present in 100% of isolated CILRAO and CILRAO+CRVO cases. This finding may be due to hypoperfusion of the involved ... PAMM involving the superficial retinal plexus in the setting of concurrent BSCR. This is the firstreportof PAMM in the setting of BSCR; however, recent reports have described associations with nonischemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO),7 migraine,8 hypertensive retinopathy,8 prolonged direct orbital pressure,8 sickle cell disease,8,9 Purtscher retinopathy after motor vehicle collision ... PubMed PAMM is a common OCT finding similar to a CWS and can be associated with a wide range of retinal disorders, including diabetic retinopathy, retinal vascular occlusion, sickle cell retinopathy, vasospasm due to migraine disorder, inflammatory retinopathy, and many other conditions. 8, 9 To the best of our knowledge, PAMM has not been previously reported as a finding of radiation retinopathy ...

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